Let’s start from scratch. This is what your screen looks like just after a clean install:
First, we would install everything necessary to do the customization job. I would be putting up terminal commands here. Using terminal commands is the simplest way to install packages/getting things done. Make sure you have the repositories enabled. To enable repositories:
- Goto System->Administration->Sofware Sources
- Enter the password
- Enable the first four checkboxes on the Software Sources window
- Click on the Third Party Software tab and check all entries
- Click on the Updates tab and check Important and Recommended update sources.
- Close the Software Sources window and press Reload button when prompted to.
Now, to start with, open a terminal: Application->Accessories->Terminal And type in the following command:
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras vlc compizconfig-settings-manager catfish audacious wine startupmanager firestarter thunderbird localepurge emerald rar unrar-free flashplugin-nonfree virtualbox-ose gparted xchat
Users having a good idea about the linux packages can omit whatever packages they want to.
The above command will install the following on your system:
- Multimedia Codecs + A few extra plugins (package: ubuntu-restricted-extras)
- The VLC Media Player (package: vlc)
- Compiz Settings Manager (package: compizconfig-settings-manager)
- Catfish Search Utility (package: catfish)
- Audacious Music Player (package: audacious)
- Wine — Windows Emulator (package: wine)
- Startup Manager — Grub Configuration Utility (package: startupmanager)
- Firestarter — Firewall Configuration Utility (package: firestarter)
- Thunderbird — Email Client (package: thunderbird)
- Localepurge — Temporary and junk file remover (package: localepurge)
- Emerald Theme Manager (package: emerald)
- RAR and UNRAR: To be able to read and create RAR archives (packages: rar, unrar-free)
- Flash plugin for Mozilla Firefox (package: flashplugin-nonfree)
- Virtualbox: A virtual PC software on which you may install other operating systems. Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VirtualBox (package: virtualbox-ose)
- GParted Partition Editor (package: gparted)
- XChat IRC Client (package: xchat)
Note: You may remove whatever package you do not need from the command before executing it. The package names are mentioned within brackets next to the name of the application.
Once the command is complete, there are a few more things that you may find handy. These are some direct links to download pages. Select the correct distribution and architecture you have and download the appropriate version (If available).
Real Player Linux: http://www.real.com/linux
Ubuntu Tweak: http://getdeb.net/release.php?id=2889
GPicView: http://getdeb.net/app/GPicView (This maybe an old version but you can install it on Hardy)
AWN Dock: http://news.softpedia.com/news/Install-AWN-on-Hardy-Heron-82611.shtml
Some packages like the Adobe Reader are not available in the standard-repositories. The easiest way to make such packages available to your system is to add the medibuntu repository. If you want to add this repository open a terminal and type in:
sudo wget http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/hardy.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list
And then, Import the gpg key and update your package list by typing:
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get update
To run some MS stuff (like wma/wmv files and to have MS fonts)
Open a terminal and type in:
sudo apt-get install w32codecs libdvdcss2 msttcorefonts
To install Adobe Reader
At a terminal, type in:
sudo apt-get install acroread acroread-plugins mozilla-acroread
After you have installed everything, open a terminal again and type in:
sudo apt-get autoremove
sudo apt-get autoclean
This would clear out unneeded junk packages from your installations.
Note: At this point, you might be prompted of updates (The orange icon on the notification area). We’ll update later.
Now we will install the latest Compiz-Fusion on your computer.
Open System->Administration->Software Sources
Click on Third Party Softwares tab. Press the Add button.
In the text area Apt-line, type in (or paste) this:
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/compiz/ubuntu hardy main
Press Add Source. Then press Close to close the Software Sources window and press Reload when prompted to.
Now click on the Update Manager applet in the notification area or (if applet not available), goto System->Administration->Update Manager and press the Check button. After it downloads and shows available updates, press Install Updates button. Updating may take a long time depending upon connection speed. After the update, you may need to reboot your computer if prompted for. A blue arrowed icon appears in the notification area. Click on it and you will see this:
Press the Restart Now button to restart your computer.